Advice on National Science Policy

National Science Policy needs identification of national strengths and weaknesses, reform of laws and funding instruments, creation of research institutions and universities, and international networking. UNESCO proposes to its Member States new ways of science policy and accompanies them in their implementation. It initiates reforms and promotes international cooperation. The Global Observatory of Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Instruments or GO-SPIN is a structured approach by UNESCO to provide targeted support to states in such reforms. The Government Strategic Analysis Centre in Lithuania takes an active part in the above-mentioned data processing.

International Cooperation in the Geosciences and the “Man and Biosphere” programmes.

The International Geosciences Program (IGCP) of UNESCO, jointly supported with the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) has been organizing more than 500 multinational research projects since 1972, strengthening innovative research approaches for social benefits and supporting developing countries. Lithuanian geoscientists are involved as individual researchers, research groups or project leaders in the projects. The Lithuanian Geological Survey is the key partner in the programme. Related to the International Geosciences Program is the Global Network of UNESCO Geo-parks. Lithuania is strongly considering the possibility to join the network in the future with some unique Lithuanian geological site. The programme is a great example of cooperation among different stakeholders in favour of sustainable development of the site rich in geological heritage.

Similarly, the UNESCO Programme on Man and Biosphere and the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (MAB) supports global collaboration in sustainable management of State protected natural territories. The aim of the programme is to build sound scientific skills in all Member States. So far, the Žuvintas Biosphere Reserve is the only Lithuanian site in the network.